Tuesday, March 13, 2012

A 450 Point SAT Gap: Large Racial Preferences Hurt All College Applicants, Including the Intended Beneficiaries

Dear Fellow Asian Americans:

41,483 people have shown the courage of their conviction by taking the 80-20 EF Survey. We
need 9,000 more votes to show the INTENSITY of your concerns. A 50,000 total would
impress the Supreme Court, as few issues in the US can mobilize an equivalent 1 million people
when projected to the general population (of which Asian Americans are 5%)

Send it across the finish line. YOU can do it by ensuring your spouse, youths, parents, friends,
and colleagues all VOTE. (Permanent residents and citizens only)

Take the Survey NOW! Do Your Part to Improve our Destiny.

Is the racial preferences in college admission merely a "tie breaker", a "nudge factor",
and "one in many" consideration?

The "National Study of College Experience" (NSCE) project conducted over 9000 student
interviews. Princeton sociologist Thomas Espenshade performed rigorous regression analysis on
the vast NSCE database and released the empirical findings in his 2009 book [1], which was
widely cited by the news media: To receive equal consideration by elite colleges, Asian
Americans must outperform Whites by 140 points, Hispanics by 280 points, Blacks by 450
points in SAT (Total 1600). The result is not a simplistic test score comparison: The
differences have been controlled for other variables such as sex, citizenship, athlete and legacy
status, # of AP tests and SAT II test, GPA, class rank, National merit scholar status, and high
school type.

We believe college admission policy should reflect the common American ideal of Equal
Opportunity, afforded to every individual through the "Equal Protection Clause" in the 14th
Amendment of the US Constitution. The admission policy should not discriminate against any
group of people for innate collective characteristics, such as race and ethnicity, which an
individual can NOT change. Instead, it should be firmly based on individual merit, which is to
be broadly defined to include academic qualifications necessary for successful college learning,
and personal character strengths such as perseverance, hardworking ethic, leadership skills, and
individual initiative to overcome adverse conditions, such as those imposed by socioeconomic

Race, ethnicity and national origin ar daf e PROTECTED categories in the US constitution, for good
reasons. In a job interview, if you ask a candidate's race, you could be sued and your company
could be investigated for racial discrimination under the "Equal Protection Clause". Why is
college admission so different? Not only the race question MUST be asked, you MUST answer
(or your last name would be Googled to determine your race), and your answer MUST be used
as the basis for differential treatment. Is this not institutionalized reverse discrimination?

Furthermore, large racial preferences also hurt the intended beneficiaries. It imposes an
"academic mismatch" among the admitted students, reducing the efficiency and quality of
classroom instruction to all students, and leading to academically weaker students to self-
segregate into less challenging classes, thereby reducing classroom diversity [2]. The US Civil
Right Commission issued a 2010 report about the disconcerting role of racial preferences played
in undermining minority graduation in science and engineering programs [3]. In professions
where universal qualification exams are required, such as legal service, higher numbers of
"racially preferred" students entering the law schools did not lead to an increased numbers of
"racially preferred" lawyers because of the high attrition rate [4]. Large racial preferences
were also found to hurt the minority pipeline to academia [5].

It is time to do what every other developed nation does, which is NOT to even ask
the race question in college application.

Please join 80-20 TODAY. Go to http://www.80-20initiative.net/membership/join.asp     
Or send your check to:      80-20 PAC   13337 South St. #189   Cerritos,   CA 90703.   
Family membership is $50 (two), individual $35, student $15.


The 80-20 Collective Leadership


[1] "No Longer Separate, Not Yet Equal: Race and Class in Elite College Admission and
Campus Life" by Thomas Espenshade (Princeton University Press, 2009)
[2] "The Role of Ethnicity in Choosing and Leaving Science in Highly Selective Institutions", R.
Elliott et. al. 37 Research in Higher Education 681 (1996)
[3] "Encouraging Minority Students to Pursue Science, Technology, Engineering and Math
Careers", US Commission on Civil Rights, Briefing Report, Oct 2010.
[4] "Are Black/White Disparities in Graduation and Passing the Bar Getting Worse, or Better?"
by R. Sander. http://www.elsblog.org/the_empirical_legal_studi/2006/09/ sander_2_black_.html
[5] "The Occupational Choices of High-Achieving Minority Students" (Harvard University Press